Car Insurance Coverage – Why It Makes Sense to Have the Right One

Most people look at car insurance as a burden, one that they have to bear because of State insurance laws. They buy the bare minimum state mandated liability coverage to stay legal and carry on driving, assuming they are completely covered in case of a mishap. Yet others start with buying multiple car insurance coverages, and over time decide they need to save money, which can be done by cutting on certain coverages. The rude awakening comes when they get into an accident where they are at fault, or have their car stolen or damaged, and realize their policy did not include the necessary car insurance coverage to cover any of these events. A little bit of planning and foresight can help avoid such situations.

Car insurance isn’t rocket science, and all it takes is some understanding of the basic function of each car insurance coverage and then deciding if it’s really worth investing in or not. This is especially true if you have an old beat up car. Would you rather pay for comprehensive and collision insurance and the deductibles as well (at the time of claiming), or does it make more sense to simply go without, and save the premium and deductible money in an emergency fund for your car? Insurance is a gamble and you pay for the peace of mind from knowing that in case of an eventuality you are covered. You may or may not need to use it.

Liability or third party insurance is another area where you need to consider the particulars of your location, the driving skills of the other drivers using the car, and your financial capability to pay the other driver for any damages you might have caused, in case you are found at fault in an accident. If you drive long hours, on congested roads, or if you have a relatively inexperienced driver also driving this car, you might consider keeping a high liability car insurance coverage. TX car insurance laws for example, ask for a minimum liability of 30/60/25 starting January 2011. One in five people in TX are uninsured, so while you want to be sure you get adequately compensated in case of an accident, you might also want to buy Uninsured Motorist/Underinsured Motorist coverage if you live there.

Umbrella insurance is one of the most under rated car insurance coverages. It’s actually a very smart way to increase your liability coverage and comes in handy incase of potentially bankrupting lawsuits. You don’t want to have to pay out of your pocket in case your car hits a school bus full of kids and hurts somebody seriously or ends up totaling a high-end luxury car. It doesn’t cost too much to get $2 million umbrella insurance, and it kicks in only when the upper limits of your liability coverage have been exhausted.

Gap insurance is a good option to invest in if your car is not fully paid for and you still have to make most of the payments. In case your car is totaled, your full car insurance coverage will only pay for the car’s blue book value which factors in its depreciation amount, whereas you will still need to pay your dealer the balance installments for the car, making you upside down on your payments. Gap insurance fills this gap and helps you pay off the balance amount. However, investing in gap insurance is only recommended if you still owe most of the money on your car.

PIP or no fault coverage is mandatory in some states while it isn’t available in others. However if it is available in yours, it’s a good option to look into, after reviewing your health insurance policy. Personal Injury protection coverage takes care of medical, work loss, funeral, survivor’s loss and other maintenance expenses incurred post an accident regardless of who is found at fault in the accident; a good car insurance coverage to consider as it takes so many factors into consideration while calculating your claim account.

So next time you decide to buy yourself just a minimum liability car insurance, think twice. The liability coverage will only compensate others for injury or property damage caused by your car; it will do nothing for you. Also look at the other car insurance coverages and try to strike a good balance of rates and coverage to give you better protection in case of an unforeseen eventuality.

Options For Small Business Health Insurance Plans

Small business health insurance plans cater to smaller businesses that have a little employee population. Most people who have smaller businesses find it hard to offer their employees medical plans due to the expensive quotes they encounter when looking for available options, especially since most employer-based plans are targeted at big companies. This is a big disadvantage since most people look forward to company benefits, especially health insurance plans.

According to surveys, a considerable amount of businesses don’t get insurance for their employees because of the expensive costs. This can prove disadvantageous to the business as employees won’t have much incentive to stay. Sick employees would then have to file a sick leave and cover their own medical expenses when insurance could have taken care of it. It is important for people to know that there are a lot of small business health insurance plans options that insurance companies offer.

Some, if not most, insurance companies offer group insurance plans, which is ideal for your business. There are some affordable ones, but there are also some very expensive ones. The most important considerations to determine how expensive a group health plan is going to be is by determining the age and the overall health of the employees. The cost can also depend on how many employees the company has; the more the employees, the cheaper the cost of the insurance coverage.

Small business health insurance plans can offer a lot of advantages to business owners as their employees are given an incentive to stay. This is also a good way of ensuring that your employees are well taken care of. By offering insurance to your employees, even if your run a smaller business, you can keep your most valuable employees. Most people also don’t mind earning a slightly lower salary provided that they have a health insurance plan.

However, businesses who have a very few number of employees, or no employees at all except for the owners themselves, might find it impossible to apply for a group insurance health plan. In this case, they would have to apply for a personal insurance plan. This may be a bit costly, but it can prove to be very beneficial in the long run.

Most smaller businesses succeed because they take care of their employees very well. Businessmen should remember that without their employees, their business won’t even run at all. Small business health insurance plans can benefit business owners as their employees become more productive because they know that their health is well taken care of.

What Type of Life Insurance Policy Should You Get

The primary purpose for getting life insurance will always be to protect the people you care about in case something were to happen to you. How much capital would you need in order to pay off debts, support your loved ones, or to take care of all your affairs?

After you understand what priorities you would like to protect through life insurance it is fairly easy to determine the correct amount of coverage.

What Type Of Life Insurance

The next question is what type of coverage will best serve your needs. In order to get the right amount of coverage you also have to make sure that the premiums fit comfortably into your budget.

Term Insurance Benefits

Term insurance is less expensive than whole life insurance, because you are renting the insurance. Your coverage is considered pure insurance in this case, because it doesn’t develop cash value or participate in company dividends.

Instead it allows you to get the right amount of protection for the least expensive premiums available. Term insurance has also developed over the years to offer more comprehensive options. You can get a return-of-premiums policy where you pay more during the life of the policy, but the insurance company refunds all of your premiums at the end of the fixed term.

There are also term policies that allow you to lock in your age and health for the remainder of your life, so that you can have the coverage and premiums locked in for the rest of your life. This is a great and inexpensive way to obtain permanent insurance.

How Long Should You Lock In Your Premiums

The longer you can lock in your premiums the more advantageous it will be in the long run. The insurance company takes into consideration the mortality risk during the level period of the term. If you are 35 and you get a level 20-term policy then the rates will be fixed until you are 55. And because you are locking in the premiums at a younger age, the average risk and rates will be less than if you were to lock in your premiums at 55.

Most people have an insurance need that will last throughout the rest of their lives. If you can permanently lock in a portion of your insurance at a younger age this can save you substantially on premiums. It happens quite often where people will have to apply for new coverage after the fixed rates on their current policy have expired, and because they are now older and have to pay much more in premiums.

Your health is also locked in when you first take the policy out. Many people looking for insurance in their fifties or sixties are dealing with some type of medical condition that makes the cost of life insurance double or triple in cost. The same logic that applies to locking in your age is also good to keep in mind when locking in your health. We don’t know what is going to happen to us, and if we have our insurance locked in then our insurability and premiums will be unaffected by a medical event.

Level Term Insurance

I always recommend getting a level-term policy as opposed to one that will start off lower and increase premiums each and every year. The level term policies allow you to lock in your age and health for the remainder of the term, whereas the increasing-premium policies become more expensive every year based on your new age.

Because term insurance is a less expensive way to get the right amount of protection, I believe that it is the right choice for a large majority of people looking at life insurance.

Cash Value Life Insurance: When To Consider It

First A Word Of Caution About How The Life Insurance Industry Operates

An agent who pushes one company above the others is doing his or her clients a disservice. Every company has its positives and negatives and each company has focused on certain demographics to try to create a competitive edge. There are 17 life insurance companies in the fortune 500 alone. These companies have very similar investment portfolios and conduct business in ways that are more common than not. Eight of these companies are mutual, nine are stock companies, and they all operate in order to make a profit. The most important thing that anybody can do is to have an agent who can help them shop the market for the company that is going to fit their needs best. Somebody that is a smoker with high blood pressure is going to have better options outside of the companies that target nonsmokers without health conditions. Finding the least expensive company on the market for your age and health can save you thousands of dollars.

I used to work for an insurance agency where we only sold a single triple-A-rated-insurance company. When I worked for this agency, my fellow agents and I were especially inculcated with the benefits of this company’s whole life insurance. This situation is not unique.

Captive agencies have managers that groom agents to push one company because they get paid commissions when their agents sell these products. Please don’t assume that life insurance agents are experts on the benefits of different companies and types of insurance plans, because many of them are unaware of the benefits beyond their own company. Instead of consulting their clients and shopping the market they push a single product that doesn’t always match up well. There are far too many people being given advice from agents to consider whole life insurance, because they are trained to present the same products to every client.

When You Are Considering An Insurance Company It Will Always Be Advantageous For Some People And Ill Advised For Others

If you sit down with an agent who goes over a list of benefits about a single insurance company, keep in mind that most benefits are really trade-offs. For instance, if a company is a triple-A rated insurance company than they are probably also more conservative with whom they insure. A triple-A rating is great, but it is really only necessary if you plan on participating in the companies dividends, or in other words buying their whole life insurance. There is no need to pay extra money for the privilege of having a triple-A rated company as many agents insist. A.M. Best considers a company with an A-rating to be in excellent financial health and there are many A-rated companies with less expensive insurance offers if you are not planning on participating in whole life.

When Whole Life Insurance is a Good Idea

For some people, whole life insurance can be a great complement to their financial security. I have sold whole life insurance based on the following benefits.
1) It has a guaranteed return that will consistently build up the cash value in the policy.
2) It gives policyholders permanent insurance so that they are insured throughout their lifetime.
3) It allows them to stop paying premiums after a certain number of years, because the dividends from the company will be enough to keep the policy in force.
4) It allows policyholders to take cash from the policy in the form of a loan, so that you have another option if liquidity is needed.
5) The growth of the policy is tax deferred and tax-free as long as long as the policy is kept in force.

The problem can be that many of these benefits point to life insurance as an asset or investment. Life insurance should always be considered for the death benefit first and foremost. If you have already maxed out both your Roth Ira and 401(k), have at least three months of expenses in accessible savings, and are looking for something else to build up savings then whole-life insurance can be a good option. The point is that whole life insurance is a good choice when you have the ability to max out your qualified retirement funds and are looking to complement your savings with a conservative tie in to your life insurance.

Whole life can be a mistake for a couple of reasons

There are risks when putting your money into whole life insurance. The risks aren’t always clearly explained, because the agents focus on the guaranteed dividends that will grow the cash value every year. However, one significant risk is buying into whole-life insurance, paying the premiums for a number of years, and then not being able to keep up with the premiums down the road. Life insurance companies bank on this happening to a certain percentage of policyholders.
If this occurs you are in danger of losing thousands of dollars in paid premiums without the benefit of accumulating any cash value. When a policy lapses or you can’t keep up with whole life premiums then the insurance company will retain your premiums without you having any cash value built up or any insurance in force.
These whole life polices are structured to have large front end expenses and it will take at least a couple of years before your premiums start to build up cash value. It takes about ten years before the amount of premiums you put into the policy will equal the cash value in the policy.

How Cash Value In Whole Life Insurance Works

The other risk with whole life insurance is not understanding how the cash value in the policy works and taking out too much of it. The cash value in the policy is liquid, but the insurance company will let you take out about 97% of it in order to protect against the policy lapsing. Any cash that is taken out of the policy is loaned from the policy at interest.

Lets assume that you are in the first 20 years of your whole life policy and are taking a loan from the cash value in the policy. The loaned interest rate is 8.0 %, the non-loaned dividend interest rate is 6.85%, and the loaned-dividend interest is rate is 7.9 %. Notice that the insurance company steps up the interest rate on the loaned amount or the amount borrowed from your cash value. This mitigates the cost of the loan, but the loan still creates an ongoing obligation to pay interest. For instance the cost of borrowing here would be 6.95 %.

(The loaned interest rate (8.0 %) + (the non-loaned dividend interest rate (6.85%) – the loaned-dividend interest rate (7.9%)) = cost of borrowing (6.95%).

The cash value in the policy is really a double-edged sword, because it leads to a significant risk that you will not be able to keep up with the premiums. It is practically intended for people who can repay the loan quickly so that the policy continues to develop dividends instead of an obligation to pay interest. It is great for people who aren’t ever tempted to borrow from the policy, because the dividends will compound and eventually be able to cover the cost of annual premiums. When this occurs the risk of lapsing will be negligible. However, this takes quite some time to achieve and it truly depends on how disciplined you can afford to be with the additional cost of these premiums. If you would rather have control of your money up front there is an argument that you can buy term and invest the rest instead of leveraging the insurance companies general fund.

Your Personality Profile And Budget Must Be In Line

I recommend taking a look at both your budget and how much control you want over your money for at least the next ten years if you are considering whole life. Because term insurance can now permanently lock in your age and health in the same manner as whole life insurance, the biggest question is whether or not you want control over investing the difference in premiums. Many people prefer whole life insurance because they don’t have to think about investing the difference; the insurance company does it for them. They can also grow their death benefit by the amount of growth in cash value and act as their own creditor if they ever want to borrow cash from the policy.

A Couple Other Points About Whole Life Insurance

The cash value component in a whole life insurance policy needs to be addressed. The first is that cash value is based on compounding dividends. So the longer you keep the paying premiums the more advantageous it is. The second is that if you go with a reliable insurance company they will usually pay non-guaranteed dividends that are based on the results of an insurance companies investments. This is when rating is important to consider, because you are now participating in these dividends. Also if you have allowed the cash value to grow and take out modest loans from the policy later in life, you will most likely have enough in dividends to keep pace beyond the ongoing obligation of interest. However if you do surrender the policy the gains will be taxed as capital gains and you will have to pay a surrender charge as well. If the policy is in force and you pass away while there are still outstanding loans, the death benefit will be paid out after it covers the cost of the loans that you have taken from the policy.

Term Insurance Vs. Whole Life

I believe the most important factor in all of this is the human element. If you are patient, conservative, and comfortably able to continue paying premiums without the temptation to borrow from the cash-value then you are a good candidate for whole life insurance. The majority of people have fluctuating budgets and circumstances where they are better off with something that locks in their age and health and gives them the opportunity to invest the difference elsewhere.

Demystifying Car Insurance Coverage

Making sense of car insurance can be daunting given the various different coverage options available. What does each one cover, when do you need to get it and when is just not worth the money you pay. Well they say knowledge is power and we’ll be giving you some today. This article will talk about a few of the most popular car insurance coverage and (hopefully) help you decide whether you need them or not. When you compare auto insurance quotes online, it’s important that you pick a company not just on the basis of the rates they give you, but also whether the amount of coverage they give you is worth the price.

Gap Insurance:

GAP stands Guaranteed Auto Protection. If you take a car on lease or loan, and have an accident where the car is totaled, Gap insurance will cover the difference between what the insurance gives you for the car and the amount outstanding on your debt. Due to high depreciation costs and the low resale value of cars, the value of your car drops significantly immediately after you buy it and continues to do so. So Gap insurance is very important for those who take a loan or lease to buy a car.

Liability:

You are required to have some liability coverage in order to drive legally, though the amount varies from state to state. If you get into an accident and are found at fault, liability coverage will take care of the damages the accident caused to the other party. Bodily injury liability coverage will cover the other party’s medical bills incurred due to accident injuries. Property damage liability coverage takes care of the damages you have caused to the property and assets that do not belong to you. You definitely need this, not only because the law requires it, but because if you don’t, you could be responsible for thousands of dollars in damages to life and property if found at fault.

Collision:

Collision coverage takes care of the damages to your car if you hit another car or stationary object, no matter whose fault it is. This kind of coverage is important for two reasons. Firstly, if you crash into a stationary object or are found at fault in an accident, you will have to pay for your car’s repairs yourself if you don’t have coverage. Secondly, if the other party is found at fault but doesn’t have insurance, you can sue them, but there is no guarantee of having your damages covered by them, and this is where collision coverage comes into play.

Comprehensive:

A broad explanation of comprehensive coverage would be that it takes care of damages that are not caused by a motor accident. You might think that the worst that can happen to your car is a collision. But that’s probably because you haven’t seen what a hailstorm or an angry vandal can do. If your car is stolen, vandalized or damaged due to certain natural disasters, encounters with an animal, fire, falling objects, your comprehensive coverage will have you covered.

Note: Collision and Comprehensive are important, but you can think about dropping them if your car’s value is lower than the total of your deductible and insurance rates. If you can afford to pay for damages towards of replacement of your car yourself, you don’t need these.

Personal Injury Protection (PIP):

This coverage compensates you for medical payments incurred by you and other passengers in your car. Some car insurance companies also cover lost income, trauma, and services in the event of an accident. Some states require that you carry PIP and it is enforced to protect you against the rising numbers of the uninsured and underinsured motorists. Many people choose to purchase it even if it isn’t required to protect themselves from the possibility of suffering medical expenses and loss of income.

Underinsured Motorist Coverage and Uninsured Motorist Coverage (UIM/UM):

This coverage is also compulsory in some states due to the high incidence of un/underinsured drivers on the road. This coverage pays for damages to your own self and vehicle if the other party does not have insurance/has insufficient insurance. Someone who has adequate collision and PIP coverage does not need this coverage (unless mandated by the state) because collision and PIP encompass the benefits of UIM/UM.

Getting just enough insurance to drive legally may seem tempting, however, the potential damages, debt and financial burden of an accident severely outweigh the money you would spend on getting thorough coverage. With this article, you can understand the benefits of each coverage type, determine how applicable it is to you, and make the right call. Remember, you can get cheap auto insurance quotes without compromising on coverage if you look hard enough.